The red wine category is vast and diverse, offering a palette of flavors, aromas and textures that reflect the terroirs and winemaking methods of different regions around the world. These wines are made from red or black grapes, where the color and tannins are extracted from the grape skins during fermentation.
Red wines can range from light and fruity to rich and full-bodied. Light wines, such as Pinot Noir or Gamay, are known for their lively acidity and fresh red fruit aromas. Medium-bodied wines, such as Merlot or Sangiovese, offer a balance between supple tannins and a more complex aromatic palette including ripe fruit and spices. Full-bodied wines, such as Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah, are distinguished by their robust structure, pronounced tannins and intense flavors of black fruit, chocolate, leather and tobacco.
Red wines are often aged in oak barrels, giving them additional notes of vanilla, toast or coffee, as well as contributing to the evolution of their structure and complexity.
These wines pair well with a variety of dishes, from red meats and mature cheeses to spicy or stewed dishes. Each red wine has its own particularities and can be enjoyed in different contexts, whether at an elegant dinner party or a casual tasting with friends.